ROTHKO, MARK (1903–1970), U.S. painter. Born Marcus Rothkowitz in Dvinsk, Russia, Rothko immigrated to the United States in 1913 with his family, settling in Portland, Oregon. He attended Yale University on a scholarship (1921–23), but after two years he moved to New York and briefly studied at the Art Students League, notably with max weber . In 1928 the former yeshivah student was commissioned to draw maps for Rabbi Lewis Browne's book The Graphic Bible. Rothko also supported himself by teaching art to children at the Brooklyn Jewish Center, a position he held from 1929 until 1952. He found success early with expressionistic, painterly, representational canvases, shown in his first group exhibition at the Opportunity Galleries (1928) and his first one-man show at the Contemporary Arts Gallery (1933), both in New York. As a member of The Ten, an artist-group that he co-founded in 1935 with adolph gottlieb and ben-zion , and affiliated with for five years, Rothko exhibited imagery stimulated by aspects of mythology, and at times Christian iconography, such as the crucifixion. He worked as a Works Progress Administration artist from 1936 to 1937. In the early 1940s Rothko fell under the influence of Surrealism, often making images comprised of organic forms. At the end of the decade Rothko painted fully abstract imagery with an oil technique that approximated his watercolor experimentations in the mid-1940s. Typical of Rothko's signature style is Green and Tangerine on Red (1956, Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C.), a large canvas consisting of two flat, rectangular shapes of thin color. Filling the canvas, the nearly translucent hues seem to float on the surface of the composition. Rothko exploited this formula with differing color variations, size of colorfields, and application of the paint to convey an array of sensations, ranging from meditative to ominous. By 1961 Rothko was a celebrated artist who enjoyed a retrospective at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City. Rothko received several public commissions, including the artwork for an octagonal chapel in Houston, Texas. Decorated with 14 canvases in nuanced shades of black and maroon, the Rothko Chapel was dedicated in February 1971, a year after the artist committed suicide. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: D. Waldman, Mark Rothko, 1903–1970: A Retrospective (1978); B. Clearwater, Mark Rothko: Works on Paper (1984); A.C. Chave, Mark Rothko: Subjects in Abstraction (1989); J.E.B. Breslin, Mark Rothko (1993); D. Anfam, Mark Rothko, The Works on Canvas: Catalogue Raisonné (1998). (Samantha Baskind (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Rothko, Mark — orig. Marcus Rothkowitz born Sept. 25, 1903, Dvinsk, Russia died Feb. 25, 1970, New York, N.Y., U.S. Russian born U.S. painter. His family settled in Portland, Ore., in 1913, and he took up painting (largely self taught) after moving to New York… …   Universalium

  • Rothko, Mark — orig. Marcus Rothkowitz (25 sep. 1903, Dvinsk, Rusia–25 feb. 1970, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.). Pintor estadounidense de origen ruso. Radicada su familia en Portland, Ore., en 1913, se dedicó a la pintura (en forma casi por completo autodidacta)… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Rothko, Mark — (1903–70)    US abstract painter. Born in Russia, Rothko came to the United States as a boy. In 1935 he was a founder member of the Expressionist group known as ‘The Ten’. The European surrealists who arrived after the advent of Hitler had a… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Rothko,Mark — Roth·ko (rŏthʹkō), Mark. Originally Marcus Rothkovitch. 1903 1970. Russian born American abstract expressionist painter whose works are characterized by horizontal bands of subtle color with blurred edges. * * * …   Universalium

  • Rothko, Mark — (1903 70)    American artist. Born in Dvinsk, Russia, he went to the US at the age of seven. He studied at Yale and later at the Arts Student League. He taught art to children at a school in Brooklyn and later at Brooklyn College. He painted huge …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Rothko, Mark —  (1903–1970) Russian born American painter …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Mark Rothko — Rothko redirects here. For other uses, see Rothko (disambiguation). Mark Rothko Mark Rothko visiting the Scott family in 1959 Birth name Marcus Rothkowitz …   Wikipedia

  • Mark Rothko — (Lettisch: Marks Rotko; * 12. Septemberjul./ 25. September 1903greg.[1] in Daugavpils/Dwinsk, deutsch Dünaburg, Lettla …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rothko — Mark Rothko Mark Rothko (Lettisch: Marks Rotko; * 25. September 1903 in Daugavpils/Dwinsk, deutsch Dünaburg, Lettland, als Marcus Rothkowitz; † 25. Februar 1970 in New York) war ein lettisch amerikanischer Maler des …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mark Rothko — Nombre de nacimiento Marcus Rothkowitz Nacimiento 25 de septiembre, 1903 Daugavpils, Letonia Fallecimiento 25 de febrero, 1970 (67) Nueva York, Estados Un …   Wikipedia Español

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